Quiz # 1
HINDU EDITORIAL - 01
When courts clarify earlier orders, the understanding is that they would have considered more facts, applied better reasoning, and foreseen later eventualities. But when the Supreme court last week confirmed its december order on banning sale of liquor near National and State highways, it not only reiterated many of the impractical aspects of the original judgment, but went on to assert that the proscription would cover not just retail outlets but hotels and bars too. What distinguishes, or logically sets apart, the sale of liquor along highways from that along interior roads? Apparently, the order is intended to prevent drunk driving, which is without doubt a contributor to road accidents and fatalities. But if tougher laws can make up for weak enforcement, then judicial officers can just as well replace law-enforcers. The court’s clarification goes against the opinion Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi gave the Kerala government that the December order applied only to retail outlets and not to establishments such as bar-attached hotels, and beer and wine parlours. What was a harsh order is now draconian in its sweep. Retail outlets can perhaps move another 500 m with minimal expense and no great loss of clientele. But established hotels and clubs enjoy no such luxury. All of a sudden, what was a great advantage of location is a major disadvantage. The order does not exempt outlets in cities and towns, where most of the consumers are local residents, nor does it distinguish between hotel guests and passing drivers.If drunk driving along the highways is the provocation for the order, there can be no reason to cover clubs that serve only their members. It is one thing to order the closure of shops dotting the highways, and quite another to target establishments in cities and towns, which cannot move, and which will lose their clientele to others.
State Government face a huge loss in Revenue. Smaller administrative units such as Union Territories will be the worst-hit. Such quirky orders have inevitably led to quirky responses. The UT of Chandigarh, for instance, has declared all city roads as urban roads. Puducherry, which includes enclaves such as Mahe, will find relocation of many shops impossible. They are caught between the highway and the sea. Goa, a small State that depends heavily on tourism, is in a similarly difficult situation. The relaxation of the liquor-free zone from 500 m to 220 m from the highways in the case of areas with a population of 20,000 or less might only partly address their concerns. More than a third of the liquor sale and consumption points will be hit. Prohibition as a policy has had a history of failure. While binge-drinking is undoubtedly a health hazard with serious social costs, bans of the sort adopted by courts and State governments such as Bihar are counterproductive. Good intentions do not guarantee good outcomes.
Which of the following best expresses the main purpose of the author?
To highlight the losses of clubs and restaurants in comparison to the retail shops near highways
To showcase the effects of the decision of the court on the states and union territories like Goa.
To show that the supreme court order of banning sale of liquor along highways is not fully thought out.
To highlight the purpose of Supreme court to ban alcohols on highways to reduce drunk driving.
Which of the following is NOT correct according to the passage ?
Bans adopted by the State government such as Bihar have not been so effective .
The relaxation of the liquor-free zone from 500 m to 220 m from the highways in the case of areas with a population of 20,000 or less such as Goa will fully address their concern.
Due to ban Retail outlets will not have such loss of clientele but established hotels and clubs may suffer.
Puducherry, which includes enclaves such as Mahe, will find relocation of many shops impossible.
Which of the following best captures the meaning of “All of a sudden, what was a great advantage of location is a major disadvantage” ?
Retail shops can shift to a new location with minimal expense but may lose their location advantage at highway.
The established clubs and hotels which enjoyed their location advantage once will be severely affected after ban due to their immobility.
The drivers and passengers who once enjoyed drinking during their journey on highway wouldn’t find the location so attractive due to the ban imposed on shops.
Union Territories such as Goa would turn out to be less attractive tourist spot after ban and can face huge loss of revenues.
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